Saturday, March 1, 2008

Allah's Attributes and it's names

I wrote this earlier today, in response to a request for some information.

Bismillah Hirahman Nirrahim.

That is a verse every Muslim is obliged to say before starting anything. Meaning in the name of Allah, The Merciful and The Compassionate. For 'Man is created to pray to me', meaning that we as human have one purpose in life, to serve.

Man is far better than Animals or the Angels for we are given the Choice of Life. Meaning we can choose what we want to do,what to eat etc, that even Jibril (Gabriel) asked Him "Oh My Lord, why did you allow Man to be the Khalifah (leader) on Earth, for that Man is created with destructive traits, that even the Mountains and the Planets don't want to carry on the burden to be your Chosen Kind?". What the angels don't know is that man, well, as mankind should be are a funny bunch. They never follow orders. They try to outperform their specifics, defy and repent.

The Wise. For He is all knowing about things that even the Angels don't know.

Only one task is given to man : PRAY TO ME. He does not want Mankind to pray 24/7 and don't eat drink and have fun, but in essence, he wants MANKIND to be THANKFUL for what is given. Give Grace to Him Almighty, and as funny as it is, God like it more when He is given more attention. Ask for You Shall Receive. The more you ask, the more you get. That in itself is a Prayer.

Don't get the misconception of Allah is the Name of God. It meant from the ancient Arabic Language means The One God. Monotheism is what it is all about, be it Muslim, Jewish and Christianity. All about ONE LORD.

God itself has mentions of His 99 other traits. Commonly known as Usma Ul Husna ( 99 Names of Allah ) , it is also that He has 20 Essential Characteristics, Commonly called part of the Istigna' and Iftiqar which in Arabic are as follows:

Wujud ( ) - Exist
Qidam ( ) -
Baqa ( ) - Eternal
Mukhalafatuhu lilhawadith ( )
Qiamuhu binafsih ( ) - Independant
Wahdaniat ( ) - The One
Qudrat ( ) - The Powerful
Iradat ( ) - Decisive
Ilmu ( ) - Knowledgeable
Hayat ( ) - Alive
Samaq ( ) - Hearing [HE Hears All]
Basar ( ) - Sees [He See All]
Kalam ( ) - Speaks
Kaunuhu qaadiran ( ) - Authoritative [In Authority]
Kaunuhu muriidan ( ) - Decisive
Kaunuhu 'aliman ( ) - Knowing [HE Knows EVERYTHING]
Kaunuhu hayyan ( ) - Alive [HE LIVES]
Kaunuhu sami'an ( ) - Listening [HE LISTENS]
Kaunuhu basiiran ( ) - See [HE SEES EVERYTHING]
Kaunuhu mutakalliman ( ) - Saying [HE TALKS]

(disclaimer-translation may be a bit off those in brackets are what I perceive the trait meant)

These traits are forbidden by muslims to place as Names. Whereas , an Abdul is added before a name from the list of 99 names. Means normally, Servant of the King (if Abdul Malik)

No. Asma Arab Translation
1 Ar Rahman The All Beneficent
2 Ar Rahim The Most Merciful
3 Al Malik The King, The Sovereign
4 Al Quddus The Most Holy
5 As Salaam Peace and Blessing
6 Al Mu`min The Guarantor
7 Al Muhaimin The Guardian, the Preserver
8 Al `Aziiz The Almighty, the Self Sufficient
9 Al Jabbar The Powerful, the Irresistible
10 Al Mutaqabir The Tremendous

11 Al Khaliq The Creator
12 Al Bari` The Maker
13 Al Mushawwir The Fashioner of Forms
14 Al Ghaffaar The Ever Forgiving
15 Al Qahhaar The All Compelling Subduer
16 Al Wahhaab The Bestower
17 Ar Razzaaq The Ever Providing
18 Al Fattaah The Opener, the Victory Giver
19 Al `Aliim The All Knowing, the Omniscient
20 Al Qaabidh The Restrainer, the Straightener

21 Al Baasith The Expander, the Munificent
22 Al Khaafidh The Abaser
23 Ar Raafi` The Exalter
24 Al Mu`izz The Giver of Honor
25 Al Mudzil The Giver of Dishonor
26 Al Samii` The All Hearing
27 Al Bashiir The All Seeing
28 Al Hakam The Judge, the Arbitrator
29 Al `Adl The Utterly Just
30 Al Lathiif The Subtly Kind

31 Al Khabiir The All Aware
32 Al Haliim The Forbearing, the Indulgent
33 Al `Azhiim The Magnificent, the Infinite
34 Al Ghafuur The All Forgiving
35 As Syakuur The Grateful
36 Al `Aliy The Sublimely Exalted
37 Al Kabiir The Great
38 Al Hafizh The Preserver
39 Al Muqiit The Nourisher
40 Al Hasiib The Reckoner

41 Al Jaliil The Majestic
42 Al Kariim The Bountiful, the Generous
43 Ar Raqiib The Watchful
44 Al Mujiib The Responsive, the Answerer
45 Al Waasi` The Vast, the All Encompassing
46 Al Hakiim The Wise
47 Al Waduud The Loving, the Kind One
48 Al Majiid The All Glorious
49 Al Baa`its The Raiser of the Dead
50 As Syahiid The Witness

51 Al Haqq The Truth, the Real
52 Al Wakiil The Trustee, the Dependable
53 Al Qawiyyu The Strong
54 Al Matiin The Firm, the Steadfast
55 Al Waliyy The Protecting Friend, Patron, and Helper
56 Al Hamiid The All Praiseworthy
57 Al Mushii The Accounter, the Numberer of All
58 Al Mubdi` The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of all
59 Al Mu`iid The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
60 Al Muhyii The Giver of Life

61 Al Mumiitu The Bringer of Death, the Destroyer
62 Al Hayyu The Ever Living
63 Al Qayyuum The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All
64 Al Waajid The Perceiver, the Finder, the Unfailing
65 Al Maajid The Illustrious, the Magnificent
66 Al Wahiid The One, the All Inclusive, the Indivisible
67 Al Ahad The One, the All Inclusive, the Indivisible
68 As Samad The Self Sufficient, the Impregnable, The Everlasting
69 Al Qaadir The All Able
70 Al Muqtadir The All Determiner, the Dominant

71 Al Muqaddim The Expediter, He who brings forward
72 Al Mu`akkhir The Delayer, He who puts far away
73 Al Awwal The First
74 Al Aakhir The Last
75 Az Zahir The Manifest; the All Victorious
76 Al Batin The Hidden; the All Encompassing
77 Al Waali The Patron
78 Al Muta`aalii The Self Exalted
79 Al Barri The Most Kind and Righteous
80 At Tawwaab The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting

81 Al Muntaqim The Avenger
82 Al Afuww The Pardoner, the Effacer of Sins
83 Ar Ra`uuf The Compassionate, the All Pitying
84 Malikul Mulk The Owner of All Sovereignty
85 Dzul Jalal Wal Iqram The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
86 Al Muqsith The Equitable, the Requiter
87 Al Jamii` The Gatherer, the Unifier
88 Al Ghaniyy The All Rich, the Independent
89 Al Mughni The Enricher, the Emancipator
90 Al Mani The Withholder, the Shielder, the Defender

91 Ad Dhaar The Distressor, the Harmer
92 An Nafi` The Propitious, the Benefactor
93 An Nuur The Light
94 Al Hadi The Guide
95 Al Badi Incomparable, the Originator
96 Al Baqi The Ever Enduring and Immutable
97 Al Waarith The Heir, the Inheritor of All
98 Ar Rasyiid The Guide, Infallible Teacher, and Knower
99 As Sabuur The Patient, the Timeless

(Original taken from WiKi,with details changed. Arabic Term is Original)

For a muslim, there are alot of goodies to chant the Asma-Ul-Husna after every prayer (solat) as it is believed to protect oneself and be blessed with.

Now this is the list. Let me know if I make any error.

May Allah forgive me if I made any error herein.

Bless you all

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